Indexed on: 17 Nov '09Published on: 17 Nov '09Published in: Pediatric emergency care
An 18-year-old man presented to a community emergency department with increasing shortness of breath and fever. His condition was diagnosed, and he was treated as an inpatient for bilateral pneumonia associated with hypoxemia. When his condition became worse, he acknowledged to deliberate inhalation of keyboard cleaner and to having hemoptysis. Before his death on hospital day 11, known causes of alveolar hemorrhage were excluded. We postulated a cause-and-effect relationship, adding alveolar hemorrhage to the known complications of inhalant abuse.