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Influence of tegaserod on proximal gastric tone and on the perception of gastric distention in functional dyspepsia.

Research paper by J J Tack, P P Janssen, R R Bisschops, R R Vos, T T Phillips, G G Tougas

Indexed on: 29 Oct '10Published on: 29 Oct '10Published in: Neurogastroenterology & Motility



Abstract

Abnormalities in gastric sensorimotor function (hypersensitivity to distention and impaired meal accommodation) have been implicated in the pathophysiology of functional dyspepsia (FD). To study the effect of the 5-HT(4) agonist tegaserod on sensitivity to gastric distention and gastric accommodation in FD.Thirty FD patients (7 males, mean age 42 ± 2 years) underwent a gastric barostat study on two separate occasions, 2 weeks apart, after 5 days of pretreatment with placebo or tegaserod 6 mg b.i.d. in a double-blind randomized order. After introduction of the barostat bag, graded isobaric distentions (2 mmHg increments/2 min) were performed to determine gastric compliance and sensitivity to distention. Subsequently, the pressure level was set at intra-abdominal pressure [minimal distending pressure (MDP)] + 2 mmHg for 90 min, with administration of a liquid meal (200 mL; 300 kcal) after 30 min.Tegaserod had no influence on MDP (7.9 ± 0.4 vs 7.4 ± 0.4 mmHg) or fasting gastric compliance (44 ± 10 vs 61 ± 6 mL mmHg(-1)) and on fasting thresholds for first perception (3.6 ± 0.4 vs 4.2 ± 0.2 mmHg above MDP) or discomfort (9.9 ± 0.7 vs 10.5 ± 0.5 mmHg above MDP). Tegaserod did not alter intra-balloon volumes before and after the meal [respectively 146 ± 14 vs 120 ± 11 and 297 ± 28 vs 283 ± 29 mL, not significant (NS)], or the amplitude of the meal-induced gastric relaxation (151 ± 23 vs 162 ± 23 mL, NS). In the subgroup with normal gastric emptying (n = 22), tegaserod significantly enhanced meal-induced accommodation (126 ± 23 vs 175 ± 29 mL, ANOVA P < 0.001).Tegaserod does not alter gastric sensorimotor function in FD patients as a group. In the subgroup with normal gastric emptying, tegaserod 6 mg b.i.d enhanced gastric accommodation.