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Influence of static magnetic field exposure into fatty acid composition in Salmonella Hadar.

Research paper by Ramla R Ben Mouhoub, Alya A El May, Imed I Cheraief, Ahmed A Landoulsi

Indexed on: 30 Apr '17Published on: 30 Apr '17Published in: Microbial Pathogenesis



Abstract

We have been interested, in this work, to investigate the effect of the exposure to static magnetic field at 200 mT (SMF) on the fatty acid (FA) composition of Salmonella enterica subsp Enterica serovar Hadar isolate 287: effects on the proportion of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids (SFAs, UFAs), cyclopropane fatty acids (CFAs) and hydroxy fatty acids after exposure to the static magnetic field at 200 mT (SMF). Analysis with Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) of total lipid showed that the proportion of the most fatty acids was clearly affected. The comparison of UFAs/SFAs ratio in exposed bacteria and controls showed a diminution after 3 and 6 h of exposure. This ration reached a balance after 9 h of treatment with SMF. So we can conclude that S. Hadar tries to adapt to magnetic stress by changing the proportions of SFAs and UFAs over time to maintain an equilibrium after 9 h of exposure, thus to maintain the inner membranes fluidity. Also, a decrease in the proportion of hydroxy FAs was observed after 6 h but an increase of this proportion after 9 h of exposure. Concerning CFAs, its proportion raised after 6 h of exposure to the SMF but it decreased after 9 h of exposure. These results are strongly correlated with those of cfa (cyclopropane fatty acid synthase) gene expression which showed an augmentation of its expression after 9 h of exposure.