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Influence of remaining dentin wall thickness on the fracture strength of endodontically treated tooth.

Research paper by Satheesh B SB Haralur, Ali Saad AS Al-Qahtani, Marie Mohammed MM Al-Qarni, Rami Mohammed RM Al-Homrany, Ayyob Ehsan AE Aboalkhair

Indexed on: 10 Mar '16Published on: 10 Mar '16Published in: Journal of conservative dentistry : JCD



Abstract

Remaining dentin wall thickness may influence the fracture resistance of tooth.To investigate the effect of various coronal dentin wall widths on the fracture strength of root canal treated teeth.Fifty recently extracted single canal mandibular premolars were used for the study. Ten unrestored teeth were used as control (Group 1); remaining teeth were root canal treated and divided into four groups (n = 10). The Groups 2a, 2b and 3a, 3b were having 2.5 mm, 1.5 mm remaining dentin with and without post, respectively. The samples fracture resistance was tested under the universal testing machine. The data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey test for comparative evaluation.The mean fracture strength observed in Group 1 was (29.75 Mpa) followed by Group 2a (28.97 Mpa), Group 2b (27.70 Mpa), Group 3a (23.39 Mpa), and Group 3b (16.38 Mpa). There was no statistically significant difference between control and Groups 2a and 2b with P > 0.05. The post contributed significantly for fracture resistance in Group 3a.The endodontic post is not required in root canal treated teeth >2.5 mm coronal dentin wall width while the post is essential for a tooth with <1.5 mm dentin wall width to improve fracture resistance.