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Influence of coping and veneer thickness on the color of zirconia-based restorations on different implant abutment backgrounds.

Research paper by Farhad F Tabatabaian, Alireza A Jafari, Mahshid M Namdari, Minoo M Mahshid

Indexed on: 25 Aug '18Published on: 25 Aug '18Published in: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry



Abstract

The effects of coping and veneer thickness on the color of zirconia-based restorations are unknown. The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of coping and veneer thickness on the color of zirconia-based restorations on different implant abutment backgrounds and to define minimum coping and veneer thicknesses for the backgrounds investigated to achieve a target color. Thirty zirconia disk specimens with thicknesses of 0.4, 0.6, and 0.8 mm and 30 veneering ceramic disk specimens with thicknesses of 0.8, 1.0, and 1.2 mm were fabricated. Three backgrounds were prepared: titanium alloy, zirconia ceramic, and base metal alloy. The zirconia specimens were placed on the backgrounds, and the veneering ceramic specimens were located on the zirconia specimens. Spectrophotometric measurements were made to determine CIELab values. Color difference (ΔE) values were calculated to measure color differences between the specimens and the A2 VITA classical shade tab. ΔE values were compared with a perceptibility threshold (ΔE=2.6). Repeated measures ANOVA, Bonferroni test, and 1-sample t test were used to analyze data (α=.05). Mean ΔE values ranged from 2.0 to 9.8. Coping thickness, veneer thickness, and their combination significantly affected ΔE (P<.001). To achieve the target color with zirconia-based restorations, regardless of the backgrounds tested, the minimum thickness of zirconia coping should be 0.6 mm, and the minimum thickness of veneering ceramic should be 1.2 mm. Copyright © 2018 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.