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Influence of co-precipitation temperature on microstructure and electrochemical properties of Li[Li0.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13]O2 cathode materials for lithium ion batteries

Research paper by Youxuan Jiang, Fei Zhou, Chunlei Wang, Jizhou Kong, Lipeng Xu

Indexed on: 20 Oct '16Published on: 20 Oct '16Published in: Ionics



Abstract

The layered Li-rich Mn-based cathode materials Li[Li0.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13]O2 were prepared by using co-precipitation technique at different temperatures, and their crystal microstructure and particle morphology were observed and analyzed by XRD and SEM. The electrochemical properties of these samples were investigated by using charge-discharge tests, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and cyclic voltammetry (CV), respectively. The results indicated that all samples are of high purity. When the precursors were co-precipitated at 50 °C, their cathode materials have the most uniform and full particles and exhibit the highest initial discharge capacity (289.4 mAh/g at 0.1C), the best cycle stability (capacity retention rate of 91.2 % after 100 cycles at 0.5C), and the best rate performance. The EIS results show that the lower charge transfer resistance of 50 °C sample is responsible for its superior discharge capacity and rate performance.