Indexed on: 08 Sep '06Published on: 08 Sep '06Published in: European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology
To observe the influence of popular antitumor drugs [5-fluorouracil (5-FU), mitomycin (MMC), cisplatin (CP) and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)] on the expression of Fas system in SW480 colon cancer cells.The expressions of Fas/FasL protein and mRNA in colon cancer line SW480 cells before and after the treatment of the antitumor drugs (5-FU, MMC, CP and ATRA) were detected by immunocytochemistry, flow cytometry and reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Coculture assays of colon cancer cells and Jurkat cells (Fas-sensitive cells) were performed to observe the counterattack of colon cancer cells to lymphocytes. Apoptosis of Jurkat cells were detected by flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy.SW480 expressed high FasL and low Fas without drug treatments. When treated with 5-FU, Fas expression rates in SW480 increased, but FasL remained unchanged. Both Fas and FasL increased significantly when treated with MMC and CP. Most importantly, ATRA could induce SW480 cells to differentiate, increase the expression of Fas and decrease the expression of FasL. The coculture of SW480 cells and Jurkat cells confirmed the function of FasL in the SW480 cells.Certain antitumor drugs can change the expression of the Fas system in SW480 cells in different ways. In vitro, MMC and CP can increase the sensitivity of colon cancer cells to apoptosis signals, but they possibly facilitate immune escape of tumor cells. 5-FU results in immune escape of colon cancer cells. ATRA can down-regulate the possibility of counterattack of colon cancer cells.