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Infantile Refsum's disease: Biochemical findings suggesting multiple peroxisomal dysfunction

Research paper by B. T. Poll-The, J. M. Saudubray, H. Ogier, R. B. H. Schutgens, R. J. A. Wanders, G. Schrakamp, H. van den Bosch, J. M. F. Trijbels, A. Poulos, H. W. Moser, J. van Eldere, H. J. Eyssen

Indexed on: 01 Jun '86Published on: 01 Jun '86Published in: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease



Abstract

Infantile Refsum's disease was diagnosed in three male patients, presenting with facial dysmorphia, retinitis pigmentosa, neurosensory hearing loss, hepatomegaly, osteopenia and delayed growth and psychomotor development.An elevated plasma phytanic acid concentration and a deficient phytanic acid oxidase activity in fibroblasts were found with an accumulation of very long chain fatty acids in plasma and fibroblasts. There were elevated pipecolic acid levels in plasma, urine and CSF, and abnormal bile acid metabolites in plasma.Deficient activity of acylCoA: dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyl transferase was found in thrombocytes and fibroblasts of these patients as well as an impairedde novo plasmalogen biosynthesis in fibroblasts. These biochemical abnormalities, previously described in the Zellweger syndrome, suggest multiple peroxisomal dysfunction in our patients.