Indexed on: 18 Feb '11Published on: 18 Feb '11Published in: American journal of physiology. Renal physiology
The current experiments explore the role of dopamine in facilitating the acute increase in renal phosphate excretion in response to a high-phosphate diet. Compared with a low-phosphate (0.1%) diet for 24 h, mice fed a high-phosphate (1.2%) diet had significantly higher rates of phosphate excretion in the urine associated with a two- to threefold increase in the dopamine content of the kidney and in the urinary excretion of dopamine. Animals fed a high-phosphate diet had a significant increase in the abundance and activity of renal DOPA (l-dihydroxyphenylalanine) decarboxylase and significant reductions in renalase, monoamine oxidase A, and monoamine oxidase B. The activity of protein kinase A and protein kinase C, markers of activation of renal dopamine receptors, were significantly higher in animals fed a high-phosphate vs. a low-phosphate diet. Treatment of rats with carbidopa, an inhibitor of DOPA decarboxylase, impaired adaptation to a high-phosphate diet. These experiments indicate that the rapid adaptation to a high-phosphate diet involves alterations in key enzymes involved in dopamine synthesis and degradation, resulting in increased renal dopamine content and activation of the signaling cascade used by dopamine to inhibit the renal tubular reabsorption of phosphate.