Indexed on: 23 Apr '09Published on: 23 Apr '09Published in: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Portal hypertensive (PHT) gastropathy results in an increased susceptibility to damage. Adaptive cytoprotection against ethanol-induced damage is impaired in the gastric mucosa of rats with portal hypertension. Excessive nitric oxide (NO) production occurs in portal hypertension and is mediated in part via heat-shock protein (Hsp)90 production. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between adaptive cytoprotection after exposure to ethanol and gastric expression of Hsp90 in PHT rats.Portal hypertension was induced in rats by staged portal vein occlusion. Adaptive cytoprotection to 70% ethanol was evaluated by assessing the injury index of the gastric mucosa with or without pretreatment with 10% ethanol. Expression of Hsp90 mRNA was evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction, and expression of Hsp90 protein was evaluated by western blotting. The effect of Hsp90 inhibition in PHT rats was evaluated by administration of geldanamycin.Gastric Hsp90 mRNA expression in PHT rats was significantly less than that in sham-operated (SO) controls. However, after 10% ethanol pretreatment, Hsp90 mRNA expression was significantly greater in PHT rats than in SO controls. In PHT rats, gastric Hsp90 protein expression after 10% ethanol pretreatment was significantly greater than that without the pretreatment. However, the pretreatment had no effect on the injury index compared to SO rats. Administration of geldanamycin prior to 10% ethanol pretreatment significantly decreased the injury index in response to 70% ethanol in the PHT rats.These results show that 10% ethanol pretreatment markedly increases gastric Hsp90 expression in PHT rats. Excessive production of Hsp90 may contribute impaired adaptive cytoprotection.