Increase of myocardial inhibitory G-proteins in catecholamine-refractory septic shock or in septic multiorgan failure.

Research paper by M M Böhm, R R Kirchmayr, P P Gierschik, E E Erdmann

Indexed on: 01 Feb '95Published on: 01 Feb '95Published in: The American Journal of Medicine®


The aim of the study was to investigate the mechanisms of myocardial catecholamine refractoriness in septic shock.The inhibitory guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (Gi alpha) were studied with pertussis toxin labeling and radioimmunologically in myocardium from patients who died while in catecholamine-refractory septic shock and from patients who died of noncardiac disease.An increase by 62% (immunological Gi alpha) and 221% (pertussis toxin substrate) of myocardial Gi alpha was observed in patients with catecholamine-refractory shock compared with controls. The increases of Gi alpha were greater than those found in chronic heart failure reported earlier.An increase in the expression of Gi alpha could also be important in conditions other than chronic heart failure, eg, septic shock. An increase of Gi alpha could play a pathophysiologically relevant role in catecholamine refractoriness in septic shock and could provide a target for pharmacologic treatment in this condition.