Inclusion complex effect on the bioavailability of clotrimazole from poloxamer-based solid suppository.

Research paper by Prabagar P Balakrishnan, Chung Kil CK Song, Hyun-Jong HJ Cho, Su-Geun SG Yang, Dae Duk DD Kim, Chul Soon CS Yong, Han-Gon HG Choi

Indexed on: 07 Aug '12Published on: 07 Aug '12Published in: Archives of pharmacal research


To study the effect of β-cyclodextrin (βCD) inclusion complex on the bioavailability of clotrimazole from poloxamer-based suppository, formulations composed of P 188, propylene glycol and different molar ratio of clotrimazole-βCD inclusion complex were prepared. Clotrimazole (1%) has been formulated in a suppository using the thermo sensitive polymer P188 (70%) together with propylene glycol (30%). To increase its aqueous solubility, clotrimazole was incorporated as its inclusion complex at various molar ratios with βCD (1:0.25, 1:0.5, 1:1, and 1:2). The inclusion complex was characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), XRD and phase solubility studies. It was observed that the complexation with βCD, particularly at high molar ratio (F3 (1:1) and F4 (1:2)) decreased the release profile of clotrimazole considerably. However, suppositories containing inclusion complex at low molar ratio (F1 (1:0.25) and F2 (1:0.5)) showed excellent release profile compared to control formulation. In vivo study in rats at 15 mg/Kg dose showed that the F1 and F2 (82.39 ± 15.40 and 67.05 ± 8.79, respectively) significantly increased the AUC compared to that of F3 (41.48 ± 11.51), F4 (23.34 ± 8.37) and control (46.7 ± 7.87) suppositories. Thus, the suppositories containing inclusion complexes prepared at low drug to βCD molar ratio (F1) could be a potential suppository formulation to increase the bioavailability of hydrophobic drugs such as clotrimazole.