Indexed on: 27 Oct '17Published on: 27 Oct '17Published in: Scientific Reports
This study aimed to describe the mortality and risk factors of in-hospital mortality from acute kidney injury (AKI) after non-cardiovascular operation in China based on a nationwide survey about AKI. The study sample was drawn from ISN AKF 0by25 China Consortiums, which is a nationwide, cross-sectional survey from 22 provinces in mainland China. AKI after non-cardiovascular operation was identified according to the 2012 KDIGO AKI creatinine criteria or expanded criteria. In total, 3468 cases were identified as hospital-acquired AKI (HA-AKI). Of these, 1059 cases were defined as AKI after major non-cardiovascular surgery. Post-operative AKI and non-operative AKI were similar in aetiology and in the need for RRT intervention. The all-cause in-hospital mortality was 17.0% (180 of 1059) among patients with AKI after a major surgery. Older age (OR = 1.14, p = 0.046), more severe comorbidities (OR = 9.29, p < 0.001), a history of CVD (OR = 1.85, p = 0.007), more severe peak AKI stage, and being located in the northwest region of China (OR = 2.47, p = 0.012) were all significantly associated with increased in-hospital mortality risk in AKI patients who underwent an operation. AKI after a non-cardiovascular operation has become a huge medical burden in China. The features of operative AKI varied substantially in different regions of China. Increased attention must be paid to the occurrence of potential intrinsic renal AKI when patients are exposed to nephrotoxic factors or comorbidities.