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In vivo evidence for serotonin 5-HT2C receptor-mediated long-lasting excitability of lumbar spinal reflex and its functional interaction with 5-HT1A receptor in the mammalian spinal cord.

Research paper by Mahadevan M Gajendiran

Indexed on: 22 Mar '08Published on: 22 Mar '08Published in: Brain Research Bulletin



Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the 5-HT(2C) receptor-mediated effects on the spinal monosynaptic mass reflex activities and also its functional interactions with 5-HT(1A) receptors in anesthetized, acutely spinalized mammalian adult spinal cord in vivo. Intravenous administration of (+/-)-2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine hydrochloride (DOI) (0.1 mg/kg), an agonist of 5-HT(2A/2C) receptors, significantly increased the excitability of spinal motoneurons as reflected by an increase in the spinal monosynaptic mass reflex amplitude to 150-200% of the control. 5-HT(2A/2C) receptor-induced motoneuron excitability was slow, persistent and long-lasting for more than 2h that was significantly inhibited by 5-HT(2C) receptor specific antagonist SB 242084 administered 10 min prior to DOI. Simultaneous administration of DOI (0.1 mg/kg, i.v.) along with (+/-)-8-hydroxy dipropylaminotetraline hydrobromide (8-OH-DPAT) (0.1 mg/kg, i.v.) completely inhibited DOI-induced spinal monosynaptic mass reflex facilitation. In another separate study, administration of 8-OH-DPAT (0.1 mg/kg, i.v.) at the maximum response of DOI also inhibited the motoneuron's excitability; however, the inhibition lasted only for a period of 40-60 min after administration of 8-OH-DPAT, after which the spinal monosynaptic mass reflex amplitude reached its maximum level. These findings suggest that the 5-HT(2C) receptor is primarily involved in the mediation of the long-lasting excitability of spinal motoneurons and possibly interacts with its functional counterpart, 5-HT(1A) receptors in the mammalian adult spinal cord.