In vitro growth and differentiation of osteoblast-like cells on hydroxyapatite ceramic granule calcified from red algae.

Research paper by Dritan D Turhani, Barbara B Cvikl, Elisabeth E Watzinger, Martina M Weissenböck, Kaan K Yerit, Dietmar D Thurnher, Günter G Lauer, Rolf R Ewers

Indexed on: 10 Jun '05Published on: 10 Jun '05Published in: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery


The purpose of this study was to analyze the interaction between osteoblast-like cells isolated from mandibular bone and hydroxyapatite ceramic bone substitute obtained from calcified red algae to assess the growth and differentiation of adherent cells on this biomaterial.The macroporous ceramic material C GRAFT/Algipore (The Clinician's Preference LLC, Golden, CO) is composed of 100% hydroxyapatite and possesses specific mechanical and physiochemical properties. Osteoblast-like cells were seeded on 200 mg of biomaterial and cultured for 6 and 21 days under osteogenic differentiation conditions. Specific alkaline phosphatase activity, DNA, and protein content of the proliferating cells were analyzed. The morphology of the cells in contact with the biomaterial was examined by scanning electron microscopy. The osteoblastic phenotype of the cells was confirmed by analysis of the expression of bone-specific genes (osteocalcin, osteopontin and collagen type I) by semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction.The DNA and protein content increased over the culture period. Scanning electron microscopy showed cells spreading on the surface of the biomaterials, covering the macropores, and colonizing the depth of the particles. The analysis of the expression patterns of bone-related genes confirmed the osteoblastic phenotype of the cultured cells.The results of this study showed that hydroxyapatite ceramic bone substitute obtained from calcified red algae support the proliferation and differentiation of human osteoblast-like cells on its surface in vitro and might be suitable for use as scaffolds in tissue engineering strategies in vivo.