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In vitro comparison of platinum-iridium and gold tip electrodes: lesion depth in 4 mm, 8 mm, and irrigated-tip radiofrequency ablation catheters.

Research paper by Markus M Linhart, Hanke H Mollnau, Alexander A Bitzen, Sabine S Wurtz, Jan W JW Schrickel, René R Andrié, Florian F Stöckigt, Christian C Weiss, Georg G Nickenig, Lars M LM Lickfett, Thorsten T Lewalter

Indexed on: 03 Mar '09Published on: 03 Mar '09Published in: Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology



Abstract

We compared a newly developed irrigated gold tip electrode ablation catheter and a gold tip 4 and 8 mm catheter with the corresponding platinum-iridium (Pt) tip catheters in an in vitro setting.In a flow chamber simulating physiological flow conditions, radiofrequency catheter ablation was performed on tissue samples of porcine endomyocardium and liver. Lesion depth, energy and temperature delivery, and popping frequency were determined. Two hundred and fifty-three ablations were conducted. Four and eight millimetre, gold tip electrode catheters produced significantly deeper lesions compared with the Pt tip electrode (liver 4 mm: 4.67 +/- 1.7 vs. 2.9 +/- 1.0 mm, P < 0.0001; endomyocardium 4 mm: 3.88 +/- 1.1 vs. 2.81 +/- 0.7 mm, P < 0.001; liver 8 mm: 3.98 +/- 1.0 vs. 2.03 +/- 1.1 mm, P < 0.001; endomyocardium 8 mm: 4.00 +/- 0.9 vs. 3.39 +/- 0.8 mm, P < 0.001) and correlated with the amount of energy delivery. Popping frequency was significantly higher in gold tip electrodes. In irrigated tip electrodes, there was no difference in the lesion depth comparing gold with Pt (liver: 5.18 +/- 0.7 vs. 5.01 +/- 0.7 mm, P = ns; endomyocardium: 4.89 +/- 0.7 vs. 4.78 +/- 0.8 mm, P = ns). There was a trend towards less popping in the gold tip electrode.Both 4 and 8 mm not-irrigated gold tip catheters produced deeper lesions than the corresponding Pt tip catheter. In irrigated tip catheters, gold and Pt tip material did not show differences in the lesion depth.

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