Indexed on: 26 Oct '18Published on: 26 Oct '18Published in: The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy
We investigated the in vitro activities of cefiderocol, ceftazidime/avibactam, ceftolozane/tazobactam and other related drugs against imipenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa, imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia isolates. Non-duplicated bacteraemia isolates (n = 300) of imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa (n = 100), imipenem-resistant A. baumannii (n = 100) and S. maltophilia (n = 100) were evaluated. Imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa and imipenem-resistant A. baumannii isolates were defined as isolates exhibiting imipenem MIC ≥8 mg/L, as determined using the VITEK 2 system. The MICs of 11 other antimicrobial agents for the isolates were determined by the broth microdilution method. Iron-depleted CAMHB was used to determine the MICs of cefiderocol. The rates of colistin resistance of imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa and imipenem-resistant A. baumannii were 5% and 10%, respectively. The MIC90 values of cefiderocol, ceftolozane/tazobactam, ceftazidime/avibactam, tigecycline and colistin were as follows: imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa: 1, 4, 16, >4 and 2 mg/L; imipenem-resistant A. baumannii: 8, >64, >64, 4 and 2 mg/L; and S. maltophilia: 0.25, >64, >64, 2 and >8 mg/L, respectively. For imipenem-resistant A. baumannii isolates, the MICs of cefiderocol, ceftolozane/tazobactam and ceftazidime/avibactam were ≤4 mg/L for 88%, 8% and 1% of the isolates, respectively. Cefiderocol MICs were ≤4 mg/L for the five colistin-resistant imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa isolates and 70% of the 10 colistin-resistant imipenem-resistant A. baumannii isolates. Cefiderocol exhibited more potent in vitro activity than ceftolozane/tazobactam and ceftazidime/avibactam against imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa, imipenem-resistant A. baumannii and S. maltophilia isolates.