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In vitro activities of CB-183,315, vancomycin, and metronidazole against 556 strains of Clostridium difficile, 445 other intestinal anaerobes, and 56 Enterobacteriaceae species.

Research paper by Diane M DM Citron, Kerin L KL Tyrrell, C Vreni CV Merriam, Ellie J C EJ Goldstein

Indexed on: 21 Dec '11Published on: 21 Dec '11Published in: Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy



Abstract

MICs of CB-183,315, a novel lipopeptide antibiotic, vancomycin, and metronidazole were determined for intestinal anaerobes and Enterobacteriaceae. The MIC(90)s for Gram-negative anaerobes were >8,192, 8,192, and 4 μg/ml for CB-183,315, vancomycin, and metronidazole, respectively. Against Enterobacteriaceae, the MIC(90)s were >8,192 μg/ml, 1,024 μg/ml, and 1,024 μg/ml, respectively. The CB-183,315 MIC(90) for Clostridium difficile was 0.5 μg/ml. Its lack of activity against normal fecal organisms makes it a promising new agent for treating C. difficile.