In situ forming hydrogels of hyaluronic acid and inulin derivatives for cartilage regeneration.

Research paper by Fabio S FS Palumbo, Calogero C Fiorica, Mauro M Di Stefano, Giovanna G Pitarresi, Alessandro A Gulino, Stefano S Agnello, Gaetano G Giammona

Indexed on: 31 Mar '15Published on: 31 Mar '15Published in: Carbohydrate Polymers


An in situ forming hydrogel obtained by crosslinking of amino functionalized hyaluronic acid derivatives with divinylsulfone functionalized inulin (INU-DV) has been here designed and characterized. In particular two hyaluronic acid derivatives bearing respectively a pendant ethylenediamino (EDA) portion (HA-EDA) and both EDA and octadecyl pendant groups (HA-EDA-C18) were crosslinked through an azo-Michael reaction with INU-DV. Gelation time and consumption of DV portions have been evaluated on hydrogel obtained using HA-EDA and HA-EDA-C18 derivatives with a concentration of 3% w/v and a ratio 80/20 w/w respect to the crosslinker INU-DV. The presence of pendant C18 chains improves mechanical performances of hydrogels and decreases the susceptibility to hyaluronidase hydrolysis. Bovine chondrocytes, encapsulated during crosslinking, sufficiently survive and efficiently proliferate until 28 days of analysis.