In situ formed Si nanoparticle network with micron-sized Si particles for lithium-ion battery anodes.

Research paper by Mingyan M Wu, Julian E C JE Sabisch, Xiangyun X Song, Andrew M AM Minor, Vincent S VS Battaglia, Gao G Liu

Indexed on: 02 Oct '13Published on: 02 Oct '13Published in: Nano Letters


To address the significant challenges associated with large volume change of micrometer-sized Si particles as high-capacity anode materials for lithium-ion batteries, we demonstrated a simple but effective strategy: using Si nanoparticles as a structural and conductive additive, with micrometer-sized Si as the main lithium-ion storage material. The Si nanoparticles connected into the network structure in situ during the charge process, to provide electronic connectivity and structure stability for the electrode. The resulting electrode showed a high specific capacity of 2500 mAh/g after 30 cycles with high initial Coulombic efficiency (73%) and good rate performance during electrochemical lithiation and delithiation: between 0.01 and 1 V vs Li/Li(+).