Indexed on: 11 Jun '11Published on: 11 Jun '11Published in: Pathologie Biologie
Platelet-activating factor interacts with its specific receptor and mediates leucocytes transmigration into central nervous system and expression of HLA molecules on antigens-presenting cells. These features are the major characteristics of multiple sclerosis pathology. In the present study, we investigated the role of platelet-activating factor receptor A224 mutation in the susceptibility to relapsing-remitting form of MS in a Tunisian population.Forty-seven multiple sclerosis patients and 72 healthy controls were genotyped for platelet-activating factor receptor A224D mutation using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism technique.We used three models of inheritance: the codominant, dominant and recessive models. Our results showed a predisposing effect of platelet-activating factor receptor 224D variant on susceptibility to relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (30% vs 48.1%, OR [IC 95%]=2.04 [1.04-3.99], P=0.023). Our results were also consistent with a dominant model of inheritance when comparing mild genotype (AA) with carriers of one or two copies of mutant allele (AD+DD) (55.7% vs 31.9%, OR [IC 95%]=2.92 [1.34-6.81], P=0.006). No effect of this mutation was shown when considering the age at disease onset, disease severity or gender.This first study reports an implication of platelet-activating factor receptor A224D mutation in the susceptibility to relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis in Tunisian population. Further studies will be necessary to confirm the dominant role of PAFR A224D mutation and to elucidate the effect of this mutation on platelet-activating factor/platelet-activating factor receptor pathways.