Indexed on: 20 Dec '18Published on: 20 Dec '18Published in: Acta Paediatrica
This paper presents an implementation study following previous research including a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of hospital-based home care (HBHC), referring to specialist care in a home-based setting. The aim was to evaluate whether the effects sustained when rolled out into wider practice. In 2013-2014, 42 children newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes were included in the study at a university hospital in Sweden and followed for two years. Measurements of child safety, effects of services, resource use and service quality was included. Descriptive statistics were used to present the results and then discussed in relation to the same intervention of HBHC previously evaluated in an RCT. Shorter in-hospital stay was partially implemented but increased support after discharge by the diabetes nurse was not. The results indicated that the implemented HBHC was equally effective in terms of child outcomes two years from diagnosis but less effective in terms of parents' outcome. The results furthermore indicated that the quality of services decreased. The suggested overall conclusion was that the implemented HBHC services was safe but had become less effective, at least in relation to the HBHC provided under controlled circumstances. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.