Impacts of air pollution and climate change on forest ecosystems--emerging research needs.

Research paper by Elena E Paoletti, Andrzej A Bytnerowicz, Chris C Andersen, Algirdas A Augustaitis, Marco M Ferretti, Nancy N Grulke, Madeleine S MS Günthardt-Goerg, John J Innes, Dale D Johnson, Dave D Karnosky, Jesada J Luangjame, Rainer R Matyssek, Steven S McNulty, Gerhard G Müller-Starck, Robert R Musselman, et al.

Indexed on: 24 Apr '07Published on: 24 Apr '07Published in: TheScientificWorldJournal


Outcomes from the 22nd meeting for Specialists in Air Pollution Effects on Forest Ecosystems "Forests under Anthropogenic Pressure--Effects of Air Pollution, Climate Change and Urban Development", September 10-16, 2006, Riverside, CA, are summarized. Tropospheric or ground-level ozone (O3) is still the phytotoxic air pollutant of major interest. Challenging issues are how to make O3 standards or critical levels more biologically based and at the same time practical for wide use; quantification of plant detoxification processes in flux modeling; inclusion of multiple environmental stresses in critical load determinations; new concept development for nitrogen saturation; interactions between air pollution, climate, and forest pests; effects of forest fire on air quality; the capacity of forests to sequester carbon under changing climatic conditions and coexposure to elevated levels of air pollutants; enhanced linkage between molecular biology, biochemistry, physiology, and morphological traits.