Impact of rotavirus vaccine introduction on rotavirus-associated seizures and a related possible mechanism.

Research paper by Jung Sook JS Yeom, Young-Soo YS Kim, Rock Bum RB Kim, Ji Sook JS Park, Ji-Hyun JH Seo, Eunsil E Park, Jae-Young JY Lim, Chan-Hoo CH Park, Hyang-Ok HO Woo, Hee-Shang HS Youn

Indexed on: 15 Aug '14Published on: 15 Aug '14Published in: Journal of child neurology


To determine whether clinical features of rotavirus-associated seizures have been altered by rotavirus vaccination, we compared clinical and laboratory data of 2 groups of patients with rotavirus-associated seizures: pre- and post-vaccine introduction groups. The seizure characteristics differed significantly between the groups, with a lower incidence of fever at seizure onset, longer interval between the onset of gastroenteritis and seizures, and more frequent seizures in the postintroduction group. These characteristics may suggest that seizure susceptibility was increased in the postintroduction group. Based on the lower serum Cl(-) (102.1 ± 4.1 vs 98.2 ± 3.2 mg/dL; P < .01) and Ca(2+) levels (9.2 ± 0.4 vs 9.0 ± 0.3 mg/dL; P = .12) in the postintroduction group, we propose that a change in the subjects' susceptibility to the rotavirus enterotoxin may have played a role in increasing the seizure susceptibility in this group. Our results suggest that a rotavirus vaccination program may modulate the manifestations of rotavirus-associated seizures.