Impact of magnetism on screw dislocations in body-centered cubic chromium

Research paper by Baptiste Bienvenu, Chu Fu, Emmanuel Clouet

Indexed on: 21 May '21Published on: 20 May '21Published in: arXiv - Physics - Materials Science


The influence of magnetism on the properties of screw dislocations in body-centered cubic chromium is investigated by means of ab initio calculations. Screw dislocations having Burgers vectors 1/2 111 and 100 are considered, following experimental observations showing activity for both slip systems. At low temperature, chromium has a magnetic order close to antiferromagnetism along 100 directions, for which 1/2 111 is not a periodicity vector. Hence, dislocations with Burgers vectors 1/2 111 generate magnetic faults when shearing the crystal, which constrain them to coexist and move pairwise, leading to dissociated 111 super-dislocations. On the other side, 100 is a periodicity vector of the magnetic order of chromium, and no such magnetic fault are generated when 100 dislocations glide. Dislocation properties are computed in the magnetically ordered and non magnetic phases of chromium for comparison purposes. We report a marginal impact of magnetism on the structural properties and energies of dislocations for both slip systems. The Peierls energy barrier opposing dislocation glide in {110} planes is comparable for both 1/2 111 {110} and 100 {110} slip systems, with lower Peierls stresses in the magnetically ordered phase of chromium.