Indexed on: 20 Dec '18Published on: 20 Dec '18Published in: Journal of Nursing Management
To describe nurse-specific and patient risk factors present at the time of a patient fall on medical-surgical units within an academic public healthcare system. The incidence of falls can be devastating for hospitalized patients and their families. Few studies have investigated how patient and nurse specific factors can decrease the occurrence of falls in hosptials. In this retrospective cohort study, data was gathered on all patients who experienced a fall during January 2012-December 2013. Falls were reduced dramatically when the number of nurses on the unit increased to five or six. Patient falls occurred most often when either the least experienced or most experienced nursing staff were providing care. Patient falls in hospitals can be influenced not only by patient specific factors, but by nurse staffing and experience level. Findings from this study highlight factors which may contribute to hospital-based falls prevention initiatives, and are amenable to nursing management decisions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.