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Impact of heart failure with normal ejection fraction on the occurrence of ischaemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Research paper by Sun-Joo SJ Jang, Min-Seok MS Kim, Hee-Jung HJ Park, Seungbong S Han, Duk-Hyun DH Kang, Jae-Kwan JK Song, Seong-Wook SW Park, Seung-Jung SJ Park, Jae-Joong JJ Kim

Indexed on: 04 Sep '12Published on: 04 Sep '12Published in: Heart (British Cardiac Society)



Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the risk of stroke in patients with heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFNEF) and atrial fibrillation (AF).Clinical and echocardiographic data in patients with non-valvular AF who were not on anticoagulation were retrospectively investigated. A total of 304 patients had AF without heart failure, and 102 patients were diagnosed as AF with HFNEF.We compared the rate of ischaemic stroke, death and composite of these in the two groups.Patients with AF and HFNEF were older than those with AF only (71.6 vs 64.0 years, p<0.001). Female sex, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, angina, myocardial infarction, use of β blocker or digoxin were more common in patients with AF and HFNEF. The rates of ischaemic stroke, death and composite of ischaemic stroke and death were higher in patients with AF and HFNEF than in those with AF only (20.6% vs 6.7%, p<0.001; 27.2% vs 2.0%, p<0.001; 41.2% vs 8.1%, p<0.001 at 3 years for AF with HFNEF vs AF only, respectively). After adjustment with propensity score method using the inverse probability of treatment weighting, the 3-year risks of for ischaemic stroke (HR 3.29; 95% CI 1.58 to 6.86; p=0.001), death (HR 5.52; 95% CI 2.24 to 13.63; p<0.001), and composite of ischaemic stroke and death (HR 4.08; 95% CI 2.30 to 7.26; p<0.001) were significantly higher in patients with AF and HFNEF.HFNEF is associated with an increased risk of stroke and death in patients with AF.

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