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Impact of Diabetes Mellitus on Outcomes of Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis Who Underwent Knee Arthroplasty: An Analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample.

Research paper by Pius E PE Ojemolon, Hafeez H Shaka, Ehizogie E Edigin, Trisha Marie A TMA Gomez, Precious P Eseaton, Jeremiah J Bello, Clark C Azubuike, Omokunmi P OP Adekola

Indexed on: 04 Aug '20Published on: 04 Aug '20Published in: Cureus



Abstract

Background Knee arthroplasty is one of the most common reasons for hospitalizations in the United States. Diabetes mellitus is thought to be associated with adverse perioperative outcomes. We sought to demonstrate the effect of comorbid diabetes on hospitalizations involving patients with knee osteoarthritis who had knee arthroplasty. Materials and methods Data was obtained from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) for 2016 and 2017. ICD-10 codes were used to obtain a cohort of patient who were principally admitted for knee osteoarthritis who underwent knee arthroplasty. The patients were further divided according to diabetic status. The primary outcome compared inpatient mortality. Secondary outcomes included mean length of hospital stay, total hospital charges, presence of secondary diagnoses on discharge of acute kidney injury, surgical site infection, sepsis, thromboembolic events, non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Results Patients with diabetes mellitus had a lower adjusted odds ratio for mortality (aOR: 0.45 95% CI: 0.221 - 0.920, p = 0.029), with no significant difference in total hospital charges and length of hospital stay. Interestingly, patients with diabetes had lower odds of NSTEMI; 0.53 (95% CI: 0.369 - 0.750, p < 0.001) sepsis; 0.64 (95% CI: 0.449 - 0.924, p = 0.017) and DVT; 0.67 (95% CI: 0.546 - 0.822, p < 0.001). Conclusion Uncomplicated diabetes mellitus is not associated with adverse outcomes in patients hospitalized with knee osteoarthritis who had knee arthroplasty. Copyright © 2020, Ojemolon et al.