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Impact of cell-free fetal DNA on invasive prenatal diagnostic tests in a real-world public setting.

Research paper by Ignacio I Herraiz, Ana A Villalba, Eliam E Ajuria, Alba A Barasoain, Ana A Mendoza, Nazaret N Pizarro, David D Escribano, Alberto A Galindo

Indexed on: 21 Mar '19Published on: 09 Mar '19Published in: Journal of perinatal medicine



Abstract

Objective To evaluate the impact of cell-free fetal DNA (cfDNA) test on the number of invasive tests carried out in a public hospital that does not include this test in its services. Methods This was a retrospective cohort study in singleton pregnancies with a high risk (>1:270) on the first-trimester screening for aneuploidies. The options of performing an invasive test or a cfDNA test were explained to all women, the latter being especially recommended to those with a 1:50-1:270 risk (Group 1). If the risk was >1:50 (Group 2), or nuchal translucency (NT) was >99th percentile or there were major malformations (Group 3), invasive test was recommended. Results A total of 755 of 14,398 (5.2%) cases had a high-risk first-trimester screening, of whom 46 cases were excluded due to incomplete follow-up. In the remaining 709 cases, the percentage of aneuploidies was 9.9% (70 cases) and 110 opted for a cfDNA test (15.5%). There were two true-positive results of cfDNA (one in Group 2 and another in Group 3). In Group 1, 67.4% [95% confidence interval (CI) 60.0%-72.1%, P < 0.01] fewer invasive procedures were performed in those who opted for a cfDNA test, without having false negatives. Conclusion Pregnant women with a 1:50-1:270 risk who opt for cfDNA save two out of three invasive tests, without affecting the aneuploidy detection rate.