Indexed on: 29 Apr '08Published on: 29 Apr '08Published in: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
The paraoxonase (PON) enzyme family, comprising PON1, PON2, and PON3, are antioxidant enzymes that degrade oxidised phospholipids. We describe the immunohistochemical localisation of the PON proteins in the normal mouse. Antibodies were obtained by inoculating rabbits with peptides derived from specific sequences of mature PONs. PON1 and PON3 were detected in the skin external epithelium, acini of the sebaceous glands, tongue epithelium, acini of the submandibular gland, surface epithelia of the stomach and the intestine, hepatocytes, exocrine pancreas acini, fibre tracts of the encephalon and the spinal cord, skeletal and cardiac muscle, eye lens epithelium and retinal layers, adipocytes, chondrocytes, epithelial cells of the trachea and bronchiole, ovary follicular fluid, seminiferous tubules, spermatozoa, and kidney proximal tubules. PON2 expression was weaker than that of PON1 and PON3, and was absent in some of the tissues studied, such as submandibular gland, nerve cells, and adipocytes. In muscle cells, PON2 expression was restricted to the endomysium. Apolipoprotein A-I did not colocalise with PONs, suggesting local synthesis. This study provides an experimental model to investigate the role played by these enzymes as antioxidants and their relationship with the development of a variety of diseases.