Indexed on: 25 Mar '10Published on: 25 Mar '10Published in: Parasitology Research
Antigens present in aqueous n-butanolic extracts (BE) of Schistosoma mansoni (Venezuelan JL strain), Schistosoma intercalatum (Cameroon EDEA strain), and Schistosoma haematobium (Yemen strain) adult worm membranes were compared in immunoblot against sera of patients infected with S. mansoni, S. intercalatum, S. haematobium, Schistosoma japonicum, or Schistosoma mekongi looking for similarities (common antigens) and differences (species-specific antigens). About 17 S. mansoni BE polypeptides (M (r) approximately 8 to >80 kDa) were commonly recognized by S. mansoni-infected patient sera from Venezuela, Senegal, and Ethiopia. S. intercalatum-, S. haematobium-, or S. japonicum-infected sera were almost unreactive with S. mansoni BE. Nonetheless, S. mekongi-infected sera weakly cross-reacted with a approximately 10-15-kDa subset of S. mansoni BE. About 72.7% of S. intercalatum-infected patient sera reacted with a approximately 19-21-kDa complex in S. intercalatum BE and cross-reacted with a similar complex in S. haematobium BE. Conversely, all S. haematobium-infected patient sera reacted with a approximately 19-21-kDa complex in S. haematobium BE and cross-reacted with the approximately 19-21-kDa complex in S. intercalatum BE; S. mansoni- and S. japonicum-infected patient sera did not react with S. intercalatum or S. haematobium BE. Results showed the presence of a common membrane antigen between African schistosome species and species-specific antigens in S. mansoni BE that could be useful to discriminate between species and/or to detect Schistosoma infections.