Iliac anatomy and the incidence of adjunctive maneuvers during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

Research paper by Woo-Sung WS Yun, Kihyuk K Park

Indexed on: 02 Jun '15Published on: 02 Jun '15Published in: Annals of surgical treatment and research


Challenging iliac anatomy remains an important issue during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), and it is known that the length of the common iliac artery (CIA) is shorter in Asians than in Western groups. We analyzed both the iliac anatomy and the incidence of adjunctive maneuvers to overcome iliac artery-related difficulties during EVAR.Seventy-four EVARs were performed for abdominal aortic aneurysm between January 2010 and March 2013. Patient demographic data, iliac anatomical characteristics (presence of iliac artery aneurysm, iliac artery diameter and length, and iliac tortuosity), and adjunctive iliac artery maneuvers were reviewed retrospectively.Mean CIA length was 52.8 mm (range, 6.6-98.0 mm) on the right and 56.3 mm (range, 0-94.8 mm) on the left. CIA length was ≥20 mm, except in one patient with bilateral short CIAs. Forty patients (54%) had a CIA aneurysm, and 18 had aneurysms on both sides. Iliac adjunctive procedures were performed in 38 patients (51%) as follows: 23 internal iliac artery (IIA) embolizations or ligations, seven IIA revascularizations, 16 external iliac artery (EIA) balloon angioplasties or stenting, one EIA patch angioplasty, one EIA interposition, two femoral endarterectomies with patch angioplasty, and nine femoro-femoral bypasses after EVAR with an aorto-uni-iliac device. Technical success for the adjunctive iliac procedures was achieved in all patients.Short CIA length was uncommon. Although many patients had access-related difficulties, most were overcome by an endovascular or hybrid technique. Liberal use of iliac adjunctive procedures can facilitate EVAR.

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