Indexed on: 18 Oct '01Published on: 18 Oct '01Published in: Hybridoma
The monoclonal antibody (MAb) A6H, originally developed to fetal renal tissues, was found to be highly reactive to renal cell carcinoma and was subsequently demonstrated to co-stimulate a subpopulation of T cells. The A6H antigen had not been identified heretofore. Antigen from detergent extracts of renal cell carcinoma cells (7860) was immunoabsorbed with A6H-agarose, and the resin-bound proteins were separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The antigen had a molecular weight of approximately 120 kDa as determined by Western blots. The 120-kDa protein band was excised and subjected to in-gel tryptic digestion, and the resulting peptides were separated and analyzed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC MS\MS). The tandem mass spectra of the eluting peptides were used in combination with the SEQUEST computer program to search a human National Cancer Institute (NCI) protein database for the identity of the protein. The target antigen was shown to be dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV), which is also known as the cluster differentiation antigen CD26. Flow analysis of the expression of the A6H antigen and of CD26 on 7860 cells and on peripheral blood lymphocytes supported the identification of the A6H antigen as DPP IV. Recognition that the A6H antigen is DPP IV/CD26 afforded the opportunity to compare previous studies on A6H with those on other anti-CD26 antibodies in terms of expression in cancer cell lines and various tissues and as co-stimulators of T-cell activation.