Indexed on: 01 Feb '94Published on: 01 Feb '94Published in: European Journal of Immunology
Molecules of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) present antigenic peptides to T cells. Sequencing peptide pools eluted from MHC class I molecules has established allele-specific peptide binding motifs. We applied pool sequencing to analyze human MHC class II-bound peptides and found that HLA-DQ2-eluted peptides predominantly contained lysine, isoleucine, and phenylalanine at relative position i, i + 3 and i + 8, respectively. These residues putatively represent anchor residues for MHC binding. Analysis of a heterogeneous HLA-DPw3/DPw4-eluted peptide pool yielded a sequence matching an epitope from the endogenous enzyme glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. This self-peptide and a partially identical, known allo-epitope bound specifically to DPw3 and DR13 molecules, suggesting the sharing of a binding motif. In particular, the presence of an arginine at relative position 4 appeared important for binding to these HLA class II specificities. Thus, pool sequencing is applicable for the analysis of MHC class II-eluted peptides.