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Identification of a TBHQ-Interfering Peak in Crude Canola Oil Using AOCS Official Method Ce 6-86 and its Chromatographic Resolution.

Research paper by Michael R MR Blumhorst, Travis T Mahan, Kathryn K Stanley, Aaron A Griffith, Mark W MW Collison

Indexed on: 14 Oct '17Published on: 14 Oct '17Published in: Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society



Abstract

AOCS Official Method Ce 6-86 "Antioxidants, Liquid Chromatographic Method" was originally developed to confirm the correct antioxidant was added at the specified concentration to refined oils. Today, this method is increasingly utilized to validate that antioxidants are absent from oil products. False positive results can have a significant impact on the ability to sell products in specific markets and can impart additional business expenditures for conclusive secondary analyses. In the current work, quantification of tert-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ) in crude canola/rapeseed oil using liquid chromatography (LC) with ultraviolet (UV) detection was compromised by an interfering peak. Analyses using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and high-resolution accurate mass LC-MS identified the interferent as 2,6-dimethoxy-4-vinylphenol (canolol), an endogenous compound present in crude canola/rapeseed oil. Resolution of canolol and TBHQ using LC-UV can be achieved via minor modification of the chromatographic conditions.