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Hyperphosphatemia in children receiving peritoneal dialysis--an educational program.

Research paper by Richard T RT Blaszak, Mark M MM Mitsnefes, Mohammad M Ilyas, Scarlett D SD Salman, Sue M SM Belcher, Debbie R DR Brady

Indexed on: 06 May '05Published on: 06 May '05Published in: Pediatric Nephrology



Abstract

Hyperphosphatemia has been associated with the development of secondary hyperparathyroidism, renal osteodystrophy, cardiovascular calcification and increased risk of death. Using a one group, pretest-posttest study design, we sought to evaluate changes in serum phosphorus, calcium, parathyroid hormone and subject knowledge in response to a 3-month educational intervention. Mean serum phosphorus levels did not differ significantly between the three evaluation periods: pretreatment (5.69 mg/dl), treatment (5.84 mg/dl) and posttreatment (6.17 mg/dl). Mean serum calcium, calcium-phosphorus product and PTH values also did not differ significantly between the treatment periods. We observed no difference between the subject test scores between the two testing periods. Calcium-phosphorus product, serum phosphorus and PTH values on average, despite the education program, remained outside the K/DOQI target guidelines 44, 56 and 81% of the time, respectively. The results of this study suggest that an aggressive 3-month patient education program targeting dietary phosphorus knowledge, phosphate binder name and dosing, and knowledge of medical consequences associated with non-compliance had no effect on the serum phosphorus, calcium, PTH or phosphate binder need.