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Hydroxypropyl cellulose/rice straw oxidized cellulose nanocrystals nanocomposites and their use in paper coating

Research paper by Nahla A. El-Wakil, Nesrin F. Kassem, Mohammad L. Hassan

Indexed on: 20 Mar '16Published on: 28 Feb '16Published in: Industrial Crops and Products



Abstract

A series of hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC)/oxidized cellulose nanocrystals (OXCNC) nanocomposites films was prepared via casting and evaporation. OXCNC was used in ratios from 2.5 to 20% in HPC matrix. The prepared nanocomposites films were evaluated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), tensile strength properties (TS) and water vapor permeability (WVP). Significant increase in the crystallinity and tensile strength accompanied by an increase in WVP of HPC films occurred as a result of adding OXCNC. HPC/10% OXCNC film was found to possess the maximum tensile strength properties and that composition was chosen for coating bagasse paper sheets. Coating of paper sheets increased TS, WVP and decreased porosity of the paper sheets. The slight increase in WVP of the films and the coated paper sheets was attributed to the hydrophilic nature of OXCNC.

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