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Hydrogen sulfide maintains dental pulp stem cell function via TRPV1-mediated calcium influx.

Research paper by Ruili R Yang, Yi Y Liu, Tingting T Yu, Dawei D Liu, Songtao S Shi, Yongsheng Y Zhou, Yanheng Y Zhou

Indexed on: 01 Aug '18Published on: 01 Aug '18Published in: Cell Death Discovery



Abstract

Hydrogen sulfide (HS), an endogenous gasotransmitter, mediated a variety of biological processes through multiple signaling pathways, and aberrant HS metabolism has been associated with mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) dysfunction. Here we employed the small interfering RNA treatment for cystathionine β-synthase (CBS), cystathionine γ-lyase, the main enzymes to synthesize HS, and CBS-knockout mice to analyze the effect of HS on dental pulp homeostasis. We showed that HS deficiency attenuated dental pulp stem cell (DPSC) osteogenic/dentinogenic differentiation in vitro and in vivo with enhanced cell proliferation. Mechanically, HS facilitated the transient receptor potential action channel subfamily V member 1-mediated calcium (Ca influx, which subsequently activated the β-catenin pathway. While HS deficiency decreased Ca, resulting in glycogen synthase kinase-3β-mediated β-catenin degradation, which controls proliferation and differentiation of DPSCs. Consistently, HS-deficient mice displayed disturbed pattern of dental pulp and less dentin formation. In this study, we identified a previously unknown mechanism by which HS regulates DPSC lineage determination and dental pulp homeostasis.