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Human alveolar macrophage and blood monocyte interleukin-6 production.

Research paper by R M RM Kotloff, J J Little, J A JA Elias

Indexed on: 01 Nov '90Published on: 01 Nov '90Published in: American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology



Abstract

Interleukin-6 (IL-6) modulates a number of processes relevant to host immunity and inflammation. We investigated the capacity of the human alveolar macrophage to elaborate IL-6 in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS), recombinant interleukin-1 (rIL-1), and recombinant tumor necrosis factor (rTNF), and compared macrophage IL-6 production to that of blood monocytes and lung fibroblasts. Unstimulated and TNF-stimulated alveolar macrophages and monocytes produced little or no detectable IL-6. In contrast, macrophages and monocytes produced large amounts of IL-6 in response to LPS and monocytes produced lesser but readily detectable amounts in response to rIL-1. Monocytes and alveolar macrophages differed significantly in their capacity to produce IL-6, with macrophages making more IL-6 in response to LPS and less IL-6 in response to rIL-1 than autologous blood monocytes. Monocytes aged in vitro produced little detectable IL-6 in response to LPS or rIL-1, suggesting that differences in cell maturity may account for the diminished capacity of the alveolar macrophage to produce IL-6 in response to IL-1 but not its enhanced capacity to produce IL-6 in response to LPS. Mononuclear phagocytes and lung fibroblasts also differed in their ability to produce IL-6. Lung fibroblasts produced more IL-6 in response to rIL-1 and less IL-6 in response to LPS than monocytes and macrophages. In addition, monocytes and macrophages elaborated electrophoretically identical IL-6 moieties that differed from those produced by lung fibroblasts. These differences could be at least partially attributed to differences in sialylation and/or glycosylation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)