HPMA copolymer-doxorubicin-gadolinium conjugates: synthesis, characterization, and in vitro evaluation.

Research paper by Bahar B Zarabi, Anjan A Nan, Jiachen J Zhuo, Rao R Gullapalli, Hamidreza H Ghandehari

Indexed on: 20 May '08Published on: 20 May '08Published in: Macromolecular Bioscience


This study describes the synthesis, characterization, and in vitro evaluation of N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymer-gadolinium (Gd)-doxorubicin (Dox) conjugates. Copolymers of HPMA were derivatized to incorporate side chains for Gd chelation and Dox conjugation. The conjugates were characterized by their side chain contents, T(1) relaxivity (r(1)), stability, and in vitro cytotoxicity. High stability and relaxivity of these conjugates coupled with low toxicity show their potential for monitoring the in vivo fate of HPMA-based drug delivery systems by magnetic resonance imaging techniques.