Indexed on: 01 Sep '20Published on: 31 Aug '20Published in: Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
BACKGROUND The purpose of our study was to determine the effects and mechanisms of honokiol on human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive gastric cancer cells by in vitro study. MATERIAL AND METHODS We measured HER2 expression in different gastric cancer cell lines by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blot (WB) assay. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, and cell cycle were evaluated by cell-counting kit 8 and flow cytometry assays. The invading cell numbers and wound-healing rates were measured by transwell and wound-healing assays. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (AKT), P21, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 proteins and messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression were measured by WB and RT-qPCR assay. HER2 protein expression was evaluated by cellular immunofluorescence. RESULTS Honokiol suppressed cell proliferation via increasing cell apoptosis, invasion, and migration with dose dependence. By WB and RT-qPCR assays, compared with the control group, PI3K, AKT, P21, and MMP-9 proteins and mRNA expression were significantly different (P<0.05). By cellular immunofluorescence, HER2 protein expression was significantly depressed in honokiol-treated groups compared with control groups (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Honokiol has suppressive effects on HER2-positive gastric cancer cell biological activities via regulation of HER2/PI3K/AKT pathways in vitro.