Homogenization of the time-dependent heat equation on planar one-dimensional periodic structures

Research paper by Matko Ljulj, Kersten Schmidt, Adrien Semin, Josip Tambača

Indexed on: 01 Jan '20Published on: 30 Dec '19Published in: arXiv - Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs


In this paper we consider the homogenization of a time-dependent heat conduction problem on a planar one-dimensional periodic structure. On the edges of a graph the one-dimensional heat equation is posed, while the Kirchhoff junction condition is applied at all (inner) vertices. Using the two-scale convergence adapted to homogenization of lower-dimensional problems we obtain the limit homogenized problem defined on a two-dimensional domain that is occupied by the mesh when the mesh period $\delta$ tends to $0$. The homogenized model is given by the classical heat equation with the conductivity tensor depending on the unit cell graph only through the topology of the graph and lengthes of its edges. We show the well-posedness of the limit problem and give a purely algebraic formula for the computation of the homogenized conductivity tensor. The analysis is completed by numerical experiments showing a convergence to the limit problem where the convergence order in $\delta$.