Holographic heat engines: general considerations and rotating black holes

Research paper by Robie A. Hennigar, Fiona McCarthy, Alvaro Ballon, Robert B. Mann

Indexed on: 07 Apr '17Published on: 07 Apr '17Published in: arXiv - High Energy Physics - Theory


We perform the first study of holographic heat engines where the working material is a rotating black hole, obtaining exact results for the efficiency of a rectangular engine cycle. We also make general considerations in the context of benchmarking these engines on circular cycles. We find an exact expression that is valid for black holes with vanishing specific heat at constant volume and derive an upper bound, below the Carnot efficiency and independent of spacetime dimension, which holds for any black hole of this kind. We illustrate our results with applications to a variety of black holes, noting the effects of spacetime dimension, rotation, and higher curvature corrections on the efficiency of the cycle.