HIV, syphilis, herpes simplex virus 2, and behavioral surveillance among conflict-affected populations in Yei and Rumbek, southern Sudan.

Research paper by Reinhard R Kaiser, Tekleab T Kedamo, Judith J Lane, George G Kessia, Robert R Downing, Thomas T Handzel, Elizabeth E Marum, Peter P Salama, Jonathan J Mermin, William W Brady, Paul P Spiegel

Indexed on: 22 Mar '06Published on: 22 Mar '06Published in: AIDS (London, England)


Little is known about the HIV epidemic in conflict-affected southern Sudan. During 2002-2003, we conducted behavioral and biological surveillance surveys and sequential sampling in antenatal clinics in Yei, Western Equatoria, and Rumbek, Bar-el-Ghazal. HIV prevalence among individuals aged 15-49 years ranged between 0.4% in Rumbek town and 4.4% in Yei town, and among pregnant women between 0.8 and 3.0%, respectively. After the recent peace agreement, targeted prevention programmes are urgently needed to prevent further spread.