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Histologic changes in the maxillary sinus membrane after sinus membrane elevation and the simultaneous insertion of dental implants without the use of grafting materials.

Research paper by Sung-Han SH Sul, Byung-Ho BH Choi, Jingxu J Li, Seung-Mi SM Jeong, Feng F Xuan

Indexed on: 11 Mar '08Published on: 11 Mar '08Published in: Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics



Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the histologic changes in the maxillary sinus membrane after sinus membrane elevation and the simultaneous insertion of dental implants without additional grafting material.In 6 mongrel dogs, bilateral edentulated flat alveolar ridges were created in the maxilla. After 3 months of healing, an implant was unilaterally placed in the maxillary sinus in such a way that it protruded 5 mm into the maxillary sinus after sinus membrane elevation. On the opposite side, the maxillary sinus was left untreated as a control site. The animals were killed 6 months after surgery. The maxillary sinus mucosa was examined using light microscopy and scanning and transmission electronic microscopy.There were no morphologic or ultrastructural differences in the sinus membrane between groups.The results indicate that the surgical procedure by which implants are inserted into the sinus cavity by elevating the sinus membrane without adding any graft material appears to have little influence on the histologic characteristics of the sinus membrane.