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High Prevalence of Mansonella perstans Filariasis in Rural Senegal.

Research paper by Hubert H Bassene, Masse M Sambou, Florence F Fenollar, Siân S Clarke, Sawdiatou S Djiba, Gaël G Mourembou, Alioune Badara AB L Y, Didier D Raoult, Oleg O Mediannikov

Indexed on: 17 Jun '15Published on: 17 Jun '15Published in: The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene



Abstract

Large parts of African and American countries are colonized by Mansonella, a very common but poorly described filarial nematode. Bloodsucking flies of the genus Culicoides are suspected to be the vector of Mansonella perstans, but no study in Senegal has confirmed that Culicoides can transmit the parasite. Designed specific real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) can be used to identify microfilaria in stained blood smears. This study was performed in July and December 2010 in the southeastern Senegal, which is known to be endemic for M. perstans. We analyzed 297 blood smears from febrile and afebrile resident people by qPCR. The global prevalence of M. perstans was approximately 14.5% in both febrile and afebrile individuals. The age group of > 30 years had the highest prevalence (22.0%). No Culicoides among 1,159 studied specimens was positive for M. perstans and its vector in Senegal still requires identification.

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