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High-pressure x-ray diffraction study on the structure and phase transitions of the defect-stannite ZnGa2Se4 and defect-chalcopyrite CdGa2S4

Research paper by D. Errandonea, R. S. Kumar, F. J. Manjon, V. V. Ursaki, I. M. Tiginyanu

Indexed on: 26 Sep '08Published on: 26 Sep '08Published in: Physics - Materials Science



Abstract

X-ray diffraction measurements on the sphalerite-derivatives ZnGa2Se4 and CdGa2S4 have been performed upon compression up to 23 GPa in a diamond-anvil cell. ZnGa2Se4 exhibits a defect tetragonal stannite-type structure (I-42m) up to 15.5 GPa and in the range from 15.5 GPa to 18.5 GPa the low-pressure phase coexists with a high-pressure phase, which remains stable up to 23 GPa. In CdGa2S4, we find the defect tetragonal chalcopyrite-type structure (I-4) is stable up to 17 GPa. Beyond this pressure a pressure-induced phase transition takes place. In both materials, the high-pressure phase has been characterized as a defect-cubic NaCl-type structure (Fm-3m). The occurrence of the pressure induced phase transitions is apparently related with an increase of the cation disorder on the semiconductors investigated. In addition, the results allow the evaluation of the axial compressibility and the determination of the equation of state for each compound. The obtained results are compared with those previously reported for isomorphic digallium sellenides. Finally, a systematic study of the pressure-induced phase transition in twenty-three different sphalerite-related ABX2 and AB2X4 compounds indicates that the transition pressure increases as the ratio of the cationic radii and anionic radii of the compounds increases.