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High-performance lithium-ion battery with nano-porous polycrystalline silicon particles as anode

Research paper by Junying Zhang, Chunqian Zhang, Shouming Wu, Jun Zheng, Yuhua Zuo, Chunlai Xue, Chuanbo Li, Buwen Cheng

Indexed on: 07 May '16Published on: 06 May '16Published in: Electrochemica Acta



Abstract

This study presents a high-performance lithium-ion battery with nano-porous Si anode etched from polycrystalline Si particles. Nano-pores formed in micro-sized particles help relieve volume expansion/shrinkage effectively. Meanwhile, the formation of nano-porous skeleton in micro-sized particles greatly reduces the agglomeration of Si particles in nano-sized units and helps improve the cyclic performance of batteries. Pyrolyzed polyacrylonitrile (PPAN) mixed in anode acts as conductive agent and binder, and the network structure enhances the conductivity. The battery with 1 μm porous Si and PPAN composite electrode exhibits a remarkably improved electrochemical performance with a coulombic efficiency ≥99.5% even after 220 cycles. Excellent electrochemical performance is observed under galvanostatic mode with a current density of 0.3 A/g. High initial discharge (lithiation) capacity of 3652 mAh/g and charge (delithiation) capacity of 3067 mAh/g are observed with an initial coulombic efficiency of 84%, which increases to 97.2% at the second cycle. The charge capacity remains as high as 2043 mAh/g with a coulombic efficiency of ≥99.5% even after 100 cycles.

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