High-performance capillary electrophoretic separation of double-stranded oligonucleotides using a poly-(ethylpyrrolidine methacrylate-co-methylmethacrylate)-coated capillary.

Research paper by Kerrilee E KE Allan, Claire E CE Lenehan, Dmitriy A DA Khodakov, Hilton J HJ Kobus, Amanda V AV Ellis

Indexed on: 28 Apr '12Published on: 28 Apr '12Published in: ELECTROPHORESIS


Here we describe a capillary electrophoretic method for the separation of double-stranded oligonucleotides (ds-ODNs) ranging from 16-20 bp with 2 bp resolution using a low concentration of poly(ethylpyrrolidine methacrylate-co-methyl methacrylate) (PEPyM-co-PMMA) copolymer physically adsorbed to a capillary surface. Contrary to traditional DNA separations, we show that the ds-ODN with the highest molecular size eluted first and propose that this phenomena is due to a screening effect by the PEPyM-co-PMMA coating on the smaller ds-ODNs negative charge during elution. Key to the performance of this separation was a sample preparation time of less than 1 h and analysis time of 40 min. Repeatability of intraday migration time for the mixtures was typically < 1% relative standard deviation (n = 3). In addition, we demonstrate that the coating has an acceptable capillary lifetime of over 70 injections.