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High Mitotic Rate Predicts Sentinel Lymph Node Involvement in Thin Melanomas.

Research paper by Anna J AJ Skochdopole, Onur C OC Kutlu, Kathryn E KE Engelhardt, Andrea M AM Abbott, E Ramsay ER Camp

Indexed on: 29 Jul '20Published on: 28 Jul '20Published in: Journal of Surgical Research



Abstract

Indications for sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy in the population with thin melanoma have frequently changed over time. The objective of our study was to evaluate T1 melanoma pathologic features predictive of SLN positivity with a primary focus on identifying a specific mitotic value that is most predictive of lymph node disease. Further detailed predictive features would help physicians select patients with thin melanoma for SLN biopsy. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was queried for all patients diagnosed with trunk or extremity cutaneous melanoma with ≤1 mm depth who underwent SLN biopsy between the years of 2010 and 2013. Patient demographics and tumor characteristics including depth, mitotic rate (MR), ulceration, and tumor location were evaluated. MR was dichotomized at multiple cut points to identify the ideal number of mitosis for MR as a predictor of SLN status. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the factors affecting nodal positivity and the impact of MR threshold. Kaplan-Meir curves were used for overall survival (OS) analysis. Factors significantly associated with SLN positivity in the entire cohort included MR (P < 0.001, OR 1.24, 95% CI 1.18-1.31), tumor location (P = 0.017, OR 1.48, 95% CI 1.07-2.05), and ulceration (P < 0.001, OR 2.01, 95% CI 1.39-2.93,). An MR ≥ 4 was significant for SLN positivity (P = 0.049, OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.01-1.38). Mean OS was 46.7 mo for MR < 4 compared with 43.2 mo for MR ≥ 4 (P < 0.001). MR ≥ 4 was significant and associated with SLN positivity in thin melanomas and asulceration. Thus, MR ≥ 4 should be considered as an indication for SLN biopsy in thin melanoma. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.